What determines whether a charge attracts or repels?

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In Coulomb’s law, however, the magnitude and sign of the electric force are determined by the electric charge, rather than the mass, of an object. … Like charges repel each other; unlike charges attract. Thus, two negative charges repel one another, while a positive charge attracts a negative charge.

How do electrical charges attract and repel?

When it comes to electric charges, opposites attract, so positive and negative particles attract each other. Like charges, on the other hand, repel each other, so two positive or two negative charges push apart. … This is also shown in the diagram.

What causes objects to attract or repel?

Electric charge is a physical property of particles or objects that causes them to attract or repel each other without touching. Particles that have opposite charges attract each other. Particles that have like charges repel each other. The force of attraction or repulsion is called electric force.

What factors affect electric charge?

Charles Coulomb determined how to figure out the strength of the force between charged particles. As we’ll discuss in this lesson, he found that the force between charged particles was dependent on only two factors: the distance between the particles and the amount of electric charge that they carried.

Why like charges repel each other and unlike charges attract each other?

When a positive charge is brought closer to a negative charge, excess number photons from the positive charge get transferred to the negative charge, so that the number of photons in both the charges are balanced. … Therefore, like charges repel and unlike charges attract.

Do electrostatic charges attract or repel each other explain?

The protons are positively charged, the electrons are negatively charged, and the neutrons are neutral. Therefore, all things are made up of charges. Opposite charges attract each other (negative to positive). Like charges repel each other (positive to positive or negative to negative).

Why do charged objects attract neutral objects?

A positive charge and a negative charge will attract each other. A neutral object will attract both a positive and a negative charge. This is because in some objects, electrons are free to move and transform the charge from positive to negative. These attractive and repulsive forces are exactly that, forces.

What types of charges attract?

Opposites attract.

These two types of electrical charges – positive and negative – are said to be opposite types of charge. And consistent with our fundamental principle of charge interaction, a positively charged object will attract a negatively charged object.

What are two factors that affect the strength of attraction and repulsion?

The first factor is the amount of charge on each object. The greater the charge, the greater the electric force. The second factor is the distance between the charges.

What determines the strength of electricity?

The electric field strength is dependent upon the quantity of charge on the source charge (Q) and the distance of separation (d) from the source charge.

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What are three ways to charge an object?

In order to charge an object, one has to alter the charge balance of positive and negative charges. There are three ways to do it: friction, conduction and induction.

Why do like poles repel?

Like poles of a magnet repel each other. This is because when the two magnets of like poles are kept facing each other the lines of forces are in opposite directions. … When the unlike poles of a bar magnet face each other the magnetic lines of force are in the same direction and hence unlike poles attract each other.

Can two bodies having same charge attract?

(a) yes. Two bodies are placed close to each other where one has much more charge than the other. Then due to induction, force of attraction becomes more than force of repulsion.